Any of various hoofed ruminant mammals of the family Cervidae, characteristically having deciduous antlers borne chiefly by the males. The deer family includes the white-tailed deer, elk, moose, and caribou.
[Middle English der, beast, from Old English dēor.]
Word History: In Middle English texts one finds a fish, an ant, or a fox called a der, the Middle English ancestor of our word deer. In its Old English form dēor, the word referred to any animal, including members of the deer family, and continued to do so in Middle English, although it also acquired the specific sense “a deer.” By the end of the Middle English period, around 1500, the general sense had all but disappeared. In Shakespeare’s works, for example, the word deer usually refers to the antlered animals that we call deer today. However, a memory of the earlier, broader meaning is preserved in the words of the character Edgar in King Lear, which Shakespeare wrote sometime between 1603 and 1606. After being unjustly declared an outlaw by his father, Edgar disguises himself as a lunatic and lives in misery in the countryside under the name “Poor Tom.” When he later meets his father, who has been blinded and cannot recognize his son, “Tom” explains that he survives by eating toads and tadpoles and whatever else he can catch: “But mice and rats, and such small deer / Have been Tom’s food for seven long year.” Here, such small deer would seem to mean “other such small animals.” Another trace of the earlier meaning of deer is probably found in wilderness. This word is thought to descend from an unattested Old English word *wilddēornes, made up of Old English wilddēor or wildedēor, “wild animal” and the noun suffix -nes, the equivalent of the Modern English suffix -ness. Wilderness is thus “wild-animal-ness,” so to speak. The German word Tier, the cognate of Old English dēor and Modern English deer, still has the general sense of “animal.”
1. (Animals) any ruminant artiodactyl mammal of the family Cervidae, including reindeer, elk, muntjacs, and roe deer, typically having antlers in the male.
2. (Animals) (in N Canada) another name for caribou
[Old English dēor beast; related to Old High German tior wild beast, Old Norse dӯr]
n., pl. deer, (occasionally) deers.
1. any ruminant of the family Cervidae: in most species only the males grow and shed antlers.
2. any of the smaller species of this family, as distinguished from the moose or elk.
[before 900; Middle English der, Old English dēor wild animal]
[dɪəʳ] N (deer or deers (pl)) → ciervo m, venado m (esp LAm); (= red deer) → ciervo m común; (= roe deer) → corzo m; (= fallow deer) → gamo m
[ˈdɪər] [deer] [ˈdɪər] (pl) n terme générique désignant les cervidés (= red deer) → cerf m (= roe deer) → chevreuil m (= fallow deer) → daim m; (female of any species) → biche f
n pl (= roe deer) → Reh nt; (= stag) → Hirsch m; (collectively) → Rotwild nt; there are a lot of deer in the forest → im Wald gibt es viel Rotwild
n → Deerhound m
n → Hirsch-/Rehleder nt
[dɪəʳ] n pl inv → cervo/a
the deer family → la famiglia dei cervidi
(diə)– plural deer –noun
a kind of large, grass-eating animal, the male of which sometimes has antlers. a herd of deer. hert, takbok أيِّل، غَزال елен veado vysoká zvěř der Hirsch hjort; rådyr ελάφιciervo, venado hirv آهو؛ گوزن hirvi cervidéצבי िहरन, मृग jelen, srna őz, szarvas rusa hjartardÿr cervo 鹿 사슴 elnias briedis rusa herthjortedyrsarna, jeleń هوسۍ veado căprioară олень vysoká zver jelen jelen hjort, rådjur กวาง geyik 鹿 олень ہرن ، چکارا ، بارہ سنگا hươu, nai 鹿
→ أَيَّل jelen hjort Reh ελάφι ciervo hirvieläin biche jelen cervo シカ 사슴 hert hjort jeleń veado олень hjort กวาง geyik con hươu 鹿